CIDH expresa preocupación por violación a Derechos Humanos en manifestaciones en Panamá

CIDH expresa preocupación por violación a Derechos Humanos  en manifestaciones en Panamá

Washington, D.C., 3 de agosto de 2010 – La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) expresa su preocupación por los graves hechos de violencia ocurridos en una manifestación que tuvo lugar el 8 de julio de 2010 en Changuinola, Bocas del Toro, Panamá.

Según la información recibida, trabajadores de fincas bananeras de la provincia de Bocas del Toro decretaron paro general de labores a partir del 2 de julio de 2010, como medida de protesta contra la aprobación de la Ley 30, aprobada el 12 de junio por la Asamblea Nacional de Panamá y sancionada por el Presidente el 16 de junio. La información disponible indica que el 8 de julio, una manifestación organizada en el marco de la protesta contra algunos aspectos de esta ley relacionados con derechos sindicales y el derecho de huelga, fue reprimida por las fuerzas de seguridad, con un resultado de al menos dos personas muertas, más de un centenar de heridos y otro centenar de detenidos. La Comisión fue informada que se habrían librado órdenes de detención contra, al menos, 17 sindicalistas, las cuales posteriormente se habrían anulado. Asimismo, el 21 de julio el Gobierno de Panamá informó sobre la creación de una comisión especial para investigar los hechos.

La Comisión Interamericana recuerda al Estado panameño su deber de ejercer el control de las manifestaciones dentro del marco de respeto de los estándares interamericanos de derechos humanos. Como lo ha manifestado anteriormente: “La Comisión considera que los agentes pueden imponer limitaciones razonables a los manifestantes para asegurar que sean pacíficos o para contener a los que son violentos, así como dispersar manifestaciones que se tornaron violentas u obstructivas. No obstante, el accionar de las fuerzas de seguridad no debe desincentivar el derecho de reunión sino protegerlo, por ello la desconcentración de una manifestación debe justificarse en el deber de protección de las personas. El operativo de seguridad desplegado en estos contextos debe contemplar las medidas de desconcentración más seguras y rápidas y menos lesivas para los manifestantes.”

El Estado panameño tiene el deber de investigar los hechos violatorios de derechos humanos con arreglo al debido proceso, hasta su pleno esclarecimiento, así como juzgar a los responsables y reparar las consecuencias de las violaciones.

Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH)

La CIDH es un órgano principal y autónomo de la Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA), cuyo mandato surge de la Carta de la OEA y de la Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos. La Comisión Interamericana tiene el mandato de promover la observancia de los derechos humanos en la región y actúa como órgano consultivo de la OEA en la materia. La CIDH está integrada por siete miembros independientes que son elegidos por la Asamblea General de la OEA a título personal, y no representan sus países de origen o residencia.

21 nuevos sitios en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial de la UNESCO

El Comité del Patrimonio Mundial inscribe un total de 21 nuevos sitios en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial de la UNESCO

UnescoPress, 2.8.2010

La 34ª reunión del Comité del Patrimonio Mundial, que tiene lugar en Brasilia, terminó hoy el examen de las inscripciones en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial y en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial en Peligro.

El Comité, presidido por el ministro de Cultura de Brasil, João Luiz da Silva Ferreira, inscribió en total 21 sitios nuevos: 15 culturales, 5 naturales y uno mixto. La Lista cuenta ahora un total de 911 sitios. Tres países, las Islas Marshall, Kiribati y Tayikistán lograron la inscripción de sitios situados en sus territorios por vez primera. Además, un sitio natural ya inscrito fue reconocido también por sus valores culturales, convirtiéndose así en sitio mixto.

El Comité del Patrimnio Mundial agregó además cuatro sitios a la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial en Peligro y retiró de ella a las Islas Galápagos (Ecuador).

Los nuevos sitios inscritos en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial en Peligro son (por orden alfabético):

  • Parque Nacional de los Everglades (Estados Unidos de América)
  • Catedral de Bagrati y monasterio de Ghelati (Georgia)
  • Bosques lluviosos de Atsinanana (Madagascar)
  • Tumbas de los Reyes de Buganda (Uganda)

El nuevo sitio mixto es:

  • Papahānaumokuākea (Estados Unidos de América)

Los nuevos sitios culturales son:

  • Distrito de At Turaif a Ad Dir’iyah (Arabia Saudita)
  • Sitios australianos de presidios (Australia)
  • Plaza de São Francisco en São Cristovão (Brasil)
  • Aldeas históricas de Corea: Hahoe y Yangdong (República de Corea)
  • Monumentos históricos de Dengfeng en el “centro del cielo y la tierra” (China)
  • Ciudad episcopal de Albi (Francia)
  • Jantar Mantar (India)
  • Conjunto del Khānegāh y del santuario del Jeque Safi Al Din en Ardabil (República Islámica del Irán)
  • Conjunto del bazar histórico de Tabriz (República Islámica del Irán)
  • Atolón de Bikini, sitio de ensayos nucleares (Islas Marshall)
  • Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (México)
  • Cuevas prehistóricas de Yagul y Mitla en los Valles Centrales de Oaxaca (México)
  • Zona de los canales concéntricos del siglo XVII del Singelgracht de Ámsterdam (Países Bajos)
  • Sitio protourbano de Sarazm (Tayikistán)
  • Ciudad imperial de Thang Long-Hanoi (Viet Nam)

Los nuevos sitios naturales son:

  • Danxia de China (China)
  • Pitones, circos y escarpaduras de la isla de la Reunión (Francia)
  • Zona protegida de las Islas Fénix (Kiribati)
  • Meseta de Putorana (Federación de Rusia)
  • Llanuras centrales de Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka)

Además, el Comité aprobó las siguientes extensiones de sitios ya inscritos:

  • Sistema de gestión hidráulica del Alto Harz (Alemania). (Extensión del sitio “Minas de Rammelsberg y ciudad histórica de Goslar”
  • Centro histórico de la ciudad de Graz y palacio de Eggenberg (Austria).
  • Parque Nacional de Pirin (Bulgaria)
  • Zona arqueológica de arte rupestre de Siega Verde  (España). Extensión de los “Sitios de arte rupestre prehistórico del Valle del Côa” (Portugal)
  • Ciudad Minera de Røros y la Circunferencia (Noruega). (Extensión de la Ciudad Minera de Røros)
  • Iglesia de la Resurrección del monasterio de Suceviţa (Rumania). (Extensión de las “Iglesias de Moldavia”)
  • Monte San Giorgio (Italia) (Extensión de “Monte San Giorgio”, Suiza.

Además, el Comité reconoció los valores culturales de la Zona de Conservación de Ngorongoro (República Unida de Tanzania), inscrita originalmente en 1978 como sitio natural. En adelante, la Zona de Conservación será un sitio mixto. La 34ª reunión del Comité del Patrimonio Mundial se inauguró el 25 de julio y se clausurará el 3 de agosto. La próxima reunión tendrá lugar en junio de 2011 en Bahrein.

21 new UNESCO “World Heritage” sites

21 new World Heritage sites

UNESCO Press. 2.Aug. 2010

The 34th session of the World Heritage Committee meeting in Brasilia since 25 July today finished its consideration of nominations for the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Meeting under the Chairmanship of the Minister of Culture of Brazil, João Luiz da Silva Ferreira, the Committee inscribed 21 new sites, including 15 cultural, 5 natural and 1 mixed properties, making a total of 911 sites inscribed on the List. Three countries, Kiribati, Marshall Islands and Tajikistan, had sites added for the first time. One existing natural site was also recognized for its cultural values and thus becomes a mixed site.

The World Heritage Committee also added four sites to the List of World Heritage in Danger and removed the Galapagos Islands (Ecuador) from this List.

The new sites on the World Heritage List of Sites in Danger are (in alphabetical order):

·        Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery (Georgia)]

·        Rainforests of Atsinanana (Madagascar)

·        Tombs of  Buganda Kings (Uganda)

·         Everglades National Park  (United States of America)

The new mixed site is:

·        Papahānaumokuākea (United States of America)

The new cultural sites are:

·        Australian Convict Sites (Australia)

·        São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristovão (Brazil)

·        Historic Monuments of Dengfeng, in the “Centre of Heaven and Earth” (China)

·        Episcopal City of Albi (France)

·        Jantar Mantar (India)

·        Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil (Islamic Republic of Iran)

·        Tabriz Historical Bazaar Complex (Islamic Republic of Iran)

·        Bikini Atoll, Nuclear Test Site (Marshall Islands)

·        Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (Mexico)

·        Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca (Mexico)

·        Seventeenth-century Canal Ring Area inside the Singelgracht, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

·        Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong (Republic of Korea)

·        At Turaif District in ad-Dir’iyah (Saudi Arabia)

·        Proto-Urban site of Sarazm (Tajikistan)

·        Imperial Citadel of Thang Long-Hanoi (Viet Nam)

The new natural sites are:

·        China Danxia (China)

·        Pitons, Cirques and Remparts of Reunion Island (France)

·        Phoenix Islands Protected Area (Kiribati)

·        Putorana Plateau (Russian Federation)

·        Central Highlands of Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka)

World Heritage sites that have been extended are:

·        City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg (Austria)

·        Pirin National Park (Bulgaria)

·        Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water management System

·        Røros Mining Town and the Circumference (Norway)

·         Churches  of Moldavia

·        Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and in Siega Verde (Portugal))

·        Monte San Giorgio (Italy)

The Committee also recognised the cultural values of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (Tanzania), which was inscribed in 1979 as a natural site. This property now becomes a mixed site.

The 34th session of the World Heritage Committee opened on 25 July and will close on 3 August. The next session will be held in June 2011 in Bahrain.

More details about the new sites

At-Turaif District in ad-Dir’iyah
Saudi Arabia
Criteria: (iv)(v)(vi)
This property was the first capital of the Saudi Dynasty, in the heart of the Arabian Penisula, north-west of Riyadh. Founded in the 15th century, it bears witness to the Najdi architectural style, which is specific to the centre of the Arabian peninsula. In the 18th and early 19th century, its political and religious role increased, and the citadel at at-Turaif became the centre of the temporal power of the House of Saud and the spread of the Wahhabi reform inside the Muslim religion. The property includes the remains of many palaces and an urban ensemble built on the edge of the ad-Dir’iyah oasis.


Australian Convict Sites
Australia
Criteria: (iv)(vi)
The property includes a selection of 11 penal sites, among the thousands established by the British Empire on Australian soil in the 18th and 19th centuries. They are located on the fertile coastal strip from which the Aboriginal peoples were then forced back, mainly around Sydney and in Tasmania, as well as on Norfolk Island and in Fremantle. They housed tens of thousands of men, women and children condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict colonies. Each of the sites had a specific purpose, in terms both of punitive imprisonment and of rehabilitation through forced labour to help build the colony. The property presents the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts.


Bikini Atoll, nuclear tests site
Marshall Islands
Criteria: (iv)(vi)
In the wake of World War II, in a move closely related to the beginnings of the Cold War, the United States of America decided to resume nuclear testing in the Pacific Ocean, on Bikini Atoll in the Marshall archipelago. After the displacement of the local inhabitants, 67 nuclear tests were carried out from 1946 to 1958, including the explosion of the first H-bomb (1952). Bikini Atoll has conserved direct tangible evidence that is highly significant in conveying the power of the nuclear tests, i.e. the sunken ships sent to the bottom of the lagoon by the tests in 1946 and the gigantic Bravo crater. Equivalent to 7,000 times the force of the Hiroshima bomb, the tests had major consequences on the geology and natural environment of Bikini Atoll and on the health of those who were exposed to radiation. Through its history, the atoll symbolises the dawn of the nuclear age, despite its paradoxical image of peace and of earthly paradise. This is the first site from the Marshall Islands to be inscribed on the World Heritage List.


Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
Mexico
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro was the Royal Inland Road, also known as the Silver Route. The inscribed property consists of 55 sites and five existing World Heritage sites lying along a 1400 km section of this 2600 km route, that extends north from Mexico City to Texas and New Mexico, United States of America. The route was actively used as a trade route for 300 years, from the mid-16th to the 19th centuries, mainly for transporting silver extracted from the mines of Zacatecas, Guanajuato and San Luis Potosí, and mercury imported from Europe. Although it is a route that was motivated and consolidated by the mining industry, it also fostered the creation of social, cultural and religious links in particular between Spanish and Amerindian cultures.


Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi
Viet Nam
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(vi)
The Thang Long Imperial Citadel was built in the 11th century by the Ly Viet Dynasty, marking the independence of the Dai Viet. It was constructed on the remains of a Chinese fortress dating from the 7th century, on drained land reclaimed from the Red River Delta in Hanoi. It was the centre of regional political power for almost 13 centuries without interruption. The Imperial Citadel buildings and the remains in the 18 Hoang Dieu Archaeological Site reflect a unique South-East Asian culture specific to the lower Red River Valley, at the crossroads between influences coming from China in the north and the ancient Kingdom of Champa in the south.


Episcopal City of Albi
France
Criteria: (iv)(v)
On the banks of the Tarn river in south-west France, the old city of Albi reflects the culmination of a medieval architectural and urban ensemble. Today the Old Bridge (Pont-Vieux), the Saint-Salvi quarter and its church are testimony to its initial development (10th -11th centuries). Following the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathar heretics (13th century) it became a powerful episcopal city. Built in a unique southern French Gothic style from local brick in characteristic red and orange colours, the lofty fortified Cathedral (late 13th century) dominates the city, demonstrating the power regained by the Roman Catholic clergy. Alongside the Cathedral is the vast bishop’s Palais de la Berbie, overlooking the river and surrounded by residential quarters that date back to the Middle Ages. The Episcopal City of Albi forms a coherent and homogeneous ensemble of monuments and quarters that has remained largely unchanged over the centuries.


Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth”
China
Criteria: (iii)(vi)
Mount Songshang is considered to be the central sacred mountain of China. At the foot of this 1500 metre high mountain, close to the city of Dengfeng in Henan province and spread over a 40 square-kilometre circle, stand eight clusters of buildings and sites, including three Han Que gates – remains of the oldest religious edifices in China -, temples, the Zhougong Sundial Platform and the Dengfeng Observatory. Constructed over the course of nine dynasties, these buildings are reflections of different ways of perceiving the centre of heaven and earth and the power of the mountain as a centre for religious devotion. The historical monuments of Dengfeng include some of the best examples of ancient Chinese buildings devoted to ritual, science, technology and education.


Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong
Korea, Republic of
Criteria: (iii)(vi)
Founded in the 14th-15th centuries, Hahoe and Yangdong are seen as the two most representative historic clan villages in the Republic of Korea. Their layout and location – sheltered by forested mountains and facing out onto a river and open agricultural fields – reflect the distinctive aristocratic Confucian culture of the early part of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). The villages were located to provide both physical and spiritual nourishment from their surrounding landscapes. They include residences of the head families, together with substantial timber framed houses of other clan members, also pavilions, study halls, Confucian academies for learning, and clusters of one story mud-walled, thatched-roofed houses, formerly for commoners. The landscapes of mountains, trees and water around the village, framed in views from pavilions and retreats, were celebrated for their beauty by 17th and 18th century poets.


Jantar Mantar
India
Criteria: (iii)(iv)
The Jantar Mantar, in Jaipur, is an astronomical observation site built in the early 18th century. It includes a set of some 20 main fixed instruments. They are monumental examples in masonry of known instruments but which in many cases have specific characteristics of their own. Designed for the observation of astronomical positions with the naked eye, they embody several architectural and instrumental innovations. This is the most significant, most comprehensive, and the best preserved of India’s historic observatories. It is an expression of the astronomical skills and cosmological concepts of the court of a scholarly prince at the end of the Mughal period.


Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca
Mexico
Criteria: (iii)
This property lies on the northern slopes of the Tlacolula valley in subtropical central Oaxaca and consists of two pre-Hispanic archaeological complexes and a series of pre-historic caves and rock shelters. Some of these shelters provide archaeological and rock-art evidence for the progress of nomadic hunter-gathers to incipient farmers. Ten thousand-year-old Cucurbitaceae seeds in one cave, Guilá Naquitz, are considered to be the earliest known evidence of domesticated plants in the continent, while corn cob fragments from the same cave are said to be the earliest documented evidence for the domestication of maize. The cultural landscape of the Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla demonstrates the link between man and nature that gave origin to the domestication of plants in North America, thus allowing the rise of Mesoamerican civilizations.


Proto-urban site of Sarazm
Tajikistan
Criteria: (ii)(iii)
Sarazm, which means “where the land begins”, is an archaeological site bearing testimony to the development of human settlements in Central Asia, from the 4th millennium BCE to the end of the 3rd millennium BCE. The ruins demonstrate the early development of proto-urbanization in this region. This centre of settlement, one of the oldest in Central Asia, is situated between a mountainous region suitable for cattle rearing by nomadic pastoralists, and a large valley conducive to the development of agriculture and irrigation by the first settled populations in the region. Sarazm also demonstrates the existence of commercial and cultural exchanges and trade relations with peoples over an extensive geographical area, extending from the steppes of Central Asia and Turkmenistan, to the Iranian plateau, the Indus valley and as far as the Indian Ocean.


São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão
Brazil
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
São Francisco Square, in the town of São Cristovão, is a quadrilateral open space surrounded by substantial early buildings such as São Francisco Church and convent, the Church and Santa Casa da Misericórdia, the Provincial Palace and the associated houses of different historical periods surrounding the Square. This monumental ensemble, together with the surrounding 18th- and 19th- century houses, creates an urban landscape which reflects the history of the town since its origin. The Franciscan complex is an example of the typical architecture of the religious order developed in north-eastern Brazil.


Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht
Netherlands
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)
The historic urban ensemble of the canal district of Amsterdam was a project for a new ‘port city’ built at the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th centuries. It comprises a network of canals to the west and south of the historic old town and the medieval port that encircled the old town and was accompanied by the repositioning inland of the city’s fortified boundaries, the Singelgracht. This was a long-term programme that involved extending the city by draining the swampland, using a system of canals in concentric arcs and filling in the intermediate spaces. These spaces allowed the development of a homogeneous urban ensemble including gabled houses and numerous monuments. This urban extension was the largest and most homogeneous of its time. It was a model of large-scale town planning, and served as a reference throughout the world until the 19th century.


Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)
[in French only]Construit entre le début du 16e siècle et la fin du 18e siècle, ce lieu de retraite spirituelle soufi utilise les formes architecturales traditionnelles iraniennes. Les constructeurs ont su tirer le meilleur parti de l’espace réduit pour assurer de multiples fonctions, notamment une bibliothèque, une mosquée, une école, un mausolée, une citerne, un hôpital, des cuisines, une boulangerie et quelques bureaux. Le site comprend un cheminement conduisant au sanctuaire du Cheik articulé en sept étapes qui reflètent les sept stades du mysticisme soufi, séparées par huit portes qui représentent les huit attitudes du soufisme. Le site comprend également des façades et des intérieurs richement ornementés ainsi qu’une remarquable collection d’objets anciens. Il forme un rare ensemble d’éléments d’architecture islamique médiévale.


Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(iv)
Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions. Tabriz and its Bazaar were already prosperous and famous in the 13th century, when the town, in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan, became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as capital in the 16th century, but remained important as a commercial hub until the end of the 18th century, with the expansion of Ottoman power. It is one of the most complete examples of the traditional commercial and cultural system of Iran.


The following natural properties have been inscribed on the World Heritage List:

Central Highlands of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Criteria: (ix)(x)
Sri Lanka’s highlands are situated in the south-central part of the island. The property comprises the Peak Wilderness Protected Area, the Horton Plains National Park and the Knuckles Conservation Forest. These montane forests, where the land rises to 2,500 metres above sea-level, are home to an extraordinary range of flora and fauna, including several endangered species such as the western-purple-faced langur, the Horton Plains slender loris and the Sri Lankan leopard. The region is considered a super biodiversity hotspot.


China Danxia
China
Criteria: (vii)(viii)
China Danxia is the name given in China to landscapes developed on continental red terrigenous sedimentary beds influenced by endogenous forces (including uplift) and exogenous forces (including weathering and erosion). The inscribed site comprises six areas found in the sub-tropical zone of south-west China. They are characterized by spectacular red cliffs and a range of erosional landforms, including dramatic natural pillars, towers, ravines, valleys and waterfalls. These rugged landscapes have helped to conserve sub-tropical broad-leaved evergreen forests, and host many species of flora and fauna, about 400 of which are considered rare or threatened.


Phoenix Islands Protected Area
Kiribati
Criteria: (vii)(ix)
The Phoenix Island Protected Area (PIPA) is a 408,250 sq.km expanse of marine and terrestrial habitats in the Southern Pacific Ocean. The property encompasses the Phoenix Island Group, one of three island groups in Kiribati, and is the largest designated Marine Protected Area in the world. PIPA conserves one of the world’s largest intact oceanic coral archipelago ecosystems, together with 14 known underwater sea mounts (presumed to be extinct volcanoes) and other deep-sea habitats. The area contains approximately 800 known species of fauna, including about 200 coral species, 500 fish species, 18 marine mammals and 44 bird species. The structure and functioning of PIPA’s ecosystems illustrates its pristine nature and importance as a migration route and reservoir. This is the first site in Kiribati to be inscribed on the World Heritage List.


Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island
France
Criteria: (vii)(x)
The Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island site coincides with the core zone of La Réunion National Park. The property covers more than 100,000 ha or 40 % of La Réunion, an island comprising two adjoining volcanic massifs located in the south-west of the Indian Ocean. Dominated by two towering volcanic peaks, massive walls and three cliff-rimmed cirques, the property includes a great variety of rugged terrain and impressive escarpments, forested gorges and basins creating a visually striking landscape. It is the natural habitat for a wide diversity of plants, presenting a high level of endemism. There are subtropical rainforests, cloud forests and heaths creating a remarkable and visually appealing mosaic of ecosystems and landscape features.


Putorana Plateau
Russian Federation
Criteria: (vii)(ix)
This site coincides with the area of the Putoransky State Nature Reserve, and is located in the central part of the Putorana Plateau in northern Central Siberia. It is situated about 100 km north of the Arctic Circle. The part of the plateau inscribed on the World Heritage List harbours a complete set of subarctic and arctic ecosystems in an isolated mountain range, including pristine taiga, forest tundra, tundra and arctic desert systems, as well as untouched cold-water lake and river systems. A major reindeer migration route crosses the property, which represents an exceptional, large-scale and increasingly rare natural phenomenon.


The following mixed property has been inscribed:

Papahānaumokuākea
United States of America
Criteria: (iii)(vi)(viii)(ix)(x)
Papahānaumokuākea is a vast and isolated linear cluster of small, low lying islands and atolls, with their surrounding ocean, roughly 250 km to the northwest of the main Hawaiian Archipelago and extending over some 1931 km. The area has deep cosmological and traditional significance for living Native Hawaiian culture, as an ancestral environment, as an embodiment of the Hawaiian concept of kinship between people and the natural world, and as the place where it is believed that life originates and to where the spirits return after death. On two of the islands, Nihoa and Makumanamana, there are archaeological remains relating to pre-European settlement and use. Much of the monument is made up of pelagic and deepwater habitats, with notable features such as seamounts and submerged banks, extensive coral reefs and lagoons. It is one of the largest marine protected areas (MPAs) in the world.


The Committee also approved extensions for the following sites:

Cultural properties

Church of the Resurrection of Suceviţa Monastery
Romania
Criteria: (i)(iv)
With their exterior walls entirely covered in 15th- and 16th- century fresco paintings, directly inspired by Byzantine art, these seven churches in northern Moldavia are unique in Europe. These paintings form a systematic covering of all the facades and their exceptional composition, the elegance of the characters, and the harmony of the colours blend perfectly with the surrounding countryside. The Churches of Moldavia were inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1993. The Church of the Suceviţa Monastery completes this complex. Its interior and exterior walls are entirely decorated with mural paintings of the late 16th century. It is situated within the fortified enclosure of the Monastery and is the only one to show a representation of the ladder of St John Climacus.


City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
Austria
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
Graz is an exemplary model of the living heritage of a central European urban complex influenced by the secular presence of the Habsburgs. The site was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1999. The extension concerns the castle, Schloss Eggenberg, located about three kilometres west of the historic centre of Graz. It was built shortly after 1625, on the site of an earlier castle, as the state residence of Duke Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg (1568-1634), one of the most prominent political personalities of 17th-century Austria. Schloss Eggenberg is an exceptionally well-preserved example which bears witness, through its architecture and external decoration, to the influence of the late Italian Renaissance and the Baroque period.


Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System
Germany
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
The Upper Harz mining water management system, which lies south of the Rammelsberg mines and the town of Goslar, has been developed over a period of some 800 years to assist in the process of extracting ore for the production of non-ferrous metals. Its construction was first undertaken in the Middle Ages by Cistercian monks, and it was then developed on a vast scale from the end of the 16th century until the 19th century. It is made up of an extremely complex but perfectly coherent system of artificial ponds, small channels, tunnels and underground drains. It enabled the development of water power for use in mining and metallurgical processes. It is a major site for mining innovation in the western world.


Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde
Portugal , Spain
Criteria: (i)(iii)
The Prehistoric rock-art ensemble in the Côa Valley, Portugal, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1998, is an exceptional concentration of rock carvings from the Upper Palaeolithic (22,000-10,000 B.C.) and is on a scale that makes it the most outstanding example of early human artistic activity in this form anywhere in the world. The archaeological zone of Siega Verde, in the Castilla y León region (Spain), completes the site. The 645 engravings were made on an impressive cliff, the result of erosion by the river. They are mostly figurative, representing animals, although some schematic and geometric figures have also been identified. The prehistoric rock-art sites of the Côa Valley and Siega Verde represent the most remarkable open-air ensemble of Palaeolithic art on the Iberian Peninsula.


Røros Mining Town and the Circumference
Norway
Criteria: (iii)(iv)(v)
The history of the town of Røros is linked to the copper mines. Established in the 17th century, they were exploited for 333 years until 1977. Completely rebuilt after its destruction by Swedish troops in 1679, Røros contains about 2000 wooden one- and two-storey houses and a smelting house. Many of these buildings have preserved their blackened wooden façades, giving the town a medieval appearance. The site was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1980. The extension is a serial site and comprises the Town and its industrial-rural cultural landscapes; Femundshytta, a smelter with its associated area; and the Winter Transport Route. Surrounded by a buffer zone, coincident with the area of privileges (the Circumference) granted to the mining enterprise by the Danish-Norwegian Crown (1646), the property illustrates the establishment and flourishing of a lasting culture based on copper mining in a remote region with a harsh climate.


Natural properties

Monte San Giorgio
Italy , Switzerland
Criteria: (viii)
Monte San Giorgio is a pyramid-shaped, wooded mountain that rises to an altitude of 1096 m above sea level and which lies to the south of Lake Lugano, in the canton of Ticino (Switzerland). The site is regarded as the best fossil record of marine life from the Triassic Period (245-230 million years ago). It was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2003. The extension is contiguous with the existing site, on the Italian side of the border. The value of this extension lies in the exceptional importance and variety of its Triassic marine fossil record.


Pirin National Park
Bulgaria
Criteria: (vii)(viii)(ix)
Spread over an area of over 27,000 ha, at an altitude between 1008 and 2914 m in the Pirin Mountains, southwest Bulgaria, the site comprises diverse limestone mountain landscapes with glacial lakes, waterfalls, caves and predominantly coniferous forests. It was added to the World Heritage List in 1983. The extension now covers an area of around 40,000 ha in the Pirin Mountains, and overlaps with the Pirin National Park, except for two areas developed for tourism (skiing). The dominant part of the extension is high mountain territory over 2000m in altitude, and covered mostly by alpine meadows, rocky screes and summits.


Mixed properties

Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania, United Republic of
Criteria: (iv)(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
A large permanent concentration of wild animals can be found in the huge and perfect crater of Ngorongoro. Nearby, the crater of Empakaai, filled by a deep lake, and the active volcano of Oldonyo Lenga can be seen. Excavations carried out in the Olduvai Gorge, not far from there, have resulted in the discovery of one of our more distant ancestors, Homo habilis. Laitoli Site, which also lies within the area, is one of the main localities of early hominid footprints, dating back 3.6 million years.

UNESCO no incluyó al Parque La Amistad como Sitio en Peligro

Unesco no incluye al PILA en sitios en peligro

JOSÉ ARCIA
jarcia@prensa.com

La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura (Unesco) incluyó en la lista de Patrimonio Mundial en Peligro a cuatro sitios: dos de Georgia, y uno de Uganda, Madagascar y Estados Unidos.

En la lista no se incluyó ninguno de los sitios de Panamá (Fuerte San Lorenzo, Parque Nacional de Coiba, Parque Nacional de Darién, Parque Internacional La Amistad –PILA– y el sitio arqueológico de Panamá Viejo y distrito histórico de Panamá). Las Organizaciones conservacionistas de Chiriquí habían pedido al Comité del Patrimonio Mundial de la Unesco, que se reúne en Brasil, que incluyera al PILA como sitio en peligro, debido a proyectos hidroeléctricos dentro del área protegida. No obstante, esto no ocurrió.

Los sitios que sí fueron incluidos en la lista de Patrimonio Mundial en Peligro son: la Catedral de Bragati y Monasterio de Gelati, en Georgia; selvas tropicales de Atsinanana, en Madagascar; tumbas de los Reis de Buganda, en Uganda; y el Parque Nacional Everglades, en Estados Unidos.

El ambientalista Ezequiel Miranda dijo que existe suficiente mérito para incluir al área protegida en la lista de sitios en peligro, sobre todo porque el Gobierno planea construir una carretera por el centro del parque. Agregó que ellos insistirán en advertir de los peligros que se ciernen sobre el PILA, particularmente ahora que se ampliará la vía a Boquete.